Everything you need to know about puppy vaccinations

We round up everything you need to know about vaccinating your new puppy.

When getting a new puppy there are generally hundreds of different things to sort out around the house to prepare for the new member of the family. Whether that’s going all out with a new bed, bowl, basket and toys to creating a playpen and hiding all the cords so nothing can be chewed over the next couple of months. Although you’ve got to prepare the house for your new puppy, you also have to prepare your puppy for the new house and environments they’ll be entering.

Why do dogs need vaccinations?

Similar to children, puppies have very low immune systems and need vaccinations from various common diseases to prevent them becoming ill in the future. Many of these diseases are easily preventable when vaccinated at a young age but contracting the diseases at later stages can have greater impacts on the health. It’s regular practice to have you puppy vaccinated when they’re around 10 weeks old, however, they can be vaccinated as early as 4 to 6 weeks of age. After you’ve had them initially vaccinated, your puppy will require a boost vaccination at 6 or 12 months of age. As your puppy grows and develops into an adult it’s important to check in with the vet to make sure all is well and you keep up with vaccinations.

What types of vaccinations are essential?

Parvovirus– The Parvovirus is highly infectious and often fatal. It’s a virus that occurs mainly with dogs. It is generally spread through the contaminated faeces of dogs that already have the illness and can remain active for up to 9 months. The virus can cause severe diarrhoea and vomiting for your dog, which can then lead to dehydration and malnourishment as they struggle to eat or digest food properly.

Canine Distemper–  Once upon a time this illness was able to wipe out towns of dogs, the ability it has to spread throughout the body of dogs allows them to attack fatal areas such as the nervous system and the digestion system. Although the introduction of vaccines has made this disease extremely rare it’s still important to keep up these vaccinations. This is because if puppies are brought up in poor conditions they’re susceptible to the illness.

The main way for Canine Distemper is through direct contact of saliva or urine. When a dog falls ill with Canine Distemper symptoms will include fevers, eye and nose discharge as well as a lack of appetite and coughing. Although there are cases where a dogs immune system has fought off the disease and recovered there are many cases where the disease has spread and created fatal repercussions.

Leptospirosis – is one of the more serious and highly fatal diseases a dog can contract. Although spread through urine it has the ability to contaminate water and soil allows it to be highly contagious. If it comes into any sort of contact with broken skin, eyes, nose or mouth can risk infection for both dogs and humans. The symptoms of this disease include; excessive thirst, fever, vomiting, muscle pain and infertility, if left untreated it can quickly develop to organ failure. Although humans can treat this illness with antibiotics it can give you long term health complications

Adenovirus 1 and 2 – These two strains of the virus have very different symptoms and effects on your dog. Type one can cause hepatitis, an infection in the liver whereas type 2 infects the respiratory system, similar to the kennel cough. Despite having different effects and symptoms they are both transmitted through the transmission of bodily fluid such as saliva, blood, urine or nasal discharge of infected dogs. This doesn’t have to be direct contact as the virus can live on contaminated surfaces for many months.

Canine Parainfluenza– similar to the flu in humans, Canine Parainfluenza isn’t a serious illness but can be highly contagious for dogs that don’t have the vaccine. Can become uncomfortable for dogs to breathe and can normally lead to symptoms similar to the kennel cough.

Rabies – Although this isn’t a required vaccination, it is essential if you’re looking to take your dog away with a puppy passport. This is one of the most well-known diseases when it comes to animals in general as it is not just associated with canines. The virus is spread through contact with infected saliva or other bodily fluids. Once infected the virus can spread through the body quickly developing fatal symptoms over a matter of weeks.

dog laying on area rug

How much do these vaccinations cost?

The cost of vaccinations is dependant on how much the Vet clinic will charge, however, the general costs are usually between £30- £60 pounds. This may seem like a lot as only a precaution but paying for these precautions reduces the possibility of paying more if they were to fall ill with the diseases as well as the heartache of potentially losing your puppy.

Need a bed from your new pup?

At Raised By Humans we pride ourselves on giving dogs of all ages a great’s night sleep with our beds. To find out more check out our range of dog beds here.

By Raised By Humans